How to take care of a pregnant woman everyday OR how to look after yourself when pregnant?
Pregnancy is the condition of the development of an embryo
or fetus in a women’s body after the union of ovum and spermatozoon.
It is the period of conception to that of
birth. In this state, a woman carries a fertilized egg inside her body.
Pregnancy lasts usually for about 40 weeks.
NINE-MONTH STAGES OF PREGNANCY:
During the first month of pregnancy, the embryo is about
one-third of an inch long. There is the development of the head, beginning of arms
as well as legs in an embryo. In this stage, the fetus is about 1inch (i.e. 2.5
By the end of the first month, the liver and digestive system begin to
develop, and the heart of the baby starts beating.
In this stage, the the baby develops a complete cartilage skeleton which by the end of the month gets
replaced by bone cells. Also, the heart and nervous system of the baby begins
In this month the baby grows and becomes about 4 inches. In
this stage, the major blood vessels and the roof of the mouth get developed
completely. Kidneys of the baby start functioning and the four chambers of the
heart are developed. Fingers and toes of
the baby start appearing.
In this stage, the
fetus begins to kick and swallow. The organs of the baby are fully formed in
this month. The baby can hear and urinate.
The baby inside the mother is about 8-12 inches. At this
month the mother can feel the heartbeat of the baby through a stethoscope. The
movement of a baby can also be felt.
The fetus is red,
wrinkly, and covered with fine hair all over its body. The fetus weight is
about 454-681 g respectively in this month. The growth of the fetus becomes
very fast this month.
In this stage, the
baby can open its eyes and can see the Mother’s watery womb. The fetus can suck
its thumb. The weight of the fetus becomes 1.3 kg this month.
The fetus may move in a head-down position as it
is mostly ready to get out of the womb by next month. The baby weighs about
1.8-2.3 kg and 16-18 inches long.
Now the fetus in the mother’s abdomen prepares itself for
the onset of labor. The time of delivery is between the 37th-42nd week. The
weight of a healthy baby is about 2.7-4
kg during birth.
healthy pregnancy symptoms are divided into three
Pregnancy care first
The following are the symptoms of the first trimester:
of menstruation (Periods)
in Women’s breasts
White discharge from the vagina
Trimester (13-28 weeks):
The second Trimester includes symptoms such as:
Trimester (29-40 weeks)
In Trimester three the symptoms are:
marks (in abdomen, breasts, and thighs)
from baby (may cause sharp pain)
Other symptoms may include:
- Carve to
eat substances other than food
What to eat in pregnancy for fair and healthy baby?
During pregnancy, you should eat your entire favorite food
that is nutritious for you and your baby. Your food must include protein,
calcium, folate, iron, vitamins, and minerals.
Following is the description of the foods that are very
nutritious and are very beneficial during pregnancy:
Protein is a must consume during Pregnancy. It helps in the proper growth and
development of the baby’s organs as well as tissues.
Pregnant women should consume about 70-100g of protein per
Pregnant Women should eat Protein-rich foods such as:
Calcium helps to build the bones and tissues of the baby strong. You should
consume 1000mg of calcium per day.
You should eat Calcium-rich foods such as:
Folic acid should be consumed by pregnant women so as to avoid and prevent the
risks of birth defects as well as neural defects in the baby.
You should eat 600-800 mcg of Folic acid.
Folic acids rich foods include:
Iron is an essential ingredient that should be taken by pregnant women.
You should eat 27 mg of iron each day.
Iron sources are:
You should eat nutrients which include Vitamin B. Drink at
least eight glasses of water every day.
WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR?
You should see a doctor if you experience the following
of fluid from the vagina
- No fetal
movement for 24 hours (after the fifth month)
WHAT ARE THE EXERCISES THAT CAN BE PERFORMED?
You should do exercise if your pregnancy is progressing
Start doing simple exercises such as:
Exercises (Brisk walk,swimming)
(low impact aerobic exercise)
(increases heart rate)
- Yoga (good
for health and mind)
(improve balance, strength, flexibility, and posture)
CAN PREGNANT WOMEN TRAVEL?
If you are a traveler and you wish to go out to visit your
favorite destination, you can go ahead with your planning. But you have to take
precautions while traveling. At the time of mid-pregnancy i.e.
between 14 to 28
weeks, you can travel as per your wish. At this time there are very less
chances of morning sickness as well as the risk of miscarriage. Though you
should, first discuss your travel plans with your doctor and then work on
You should drink plenty of water
by whatever mode by which you are traveling to somewhere. If you are traveling
by car then you should ensure to wear seatbelts properly.
TRACK YOUR WEIGHT GAIN:
You should keep constantly in your mind that you are eating
for two. But on the other hand, you should neither eat too much nor less.
If you are not gaining weight then you might be at the risk
of having development problems with your baby.
You should visit your doctor frequently to make sure if you are gaining
perfect weight or not.
According to the recommendations of IOM, a pregnant woman
(one baby) is
if weight gains 28-40 pounds
weight: if weight gains 25-35 pounds
if weight gains 15-25 pounds
if weight gains 11-20 pounds
IS SEX SAFE DURING PREGNANCY?
There are many queries of pregnant women and their partners
that if they can have sex during this period. Sex in pregnancy is normal, do
not need to worry about that. Sex is generally considered safe in pregnancy.
For those women who are at risk for preterm labor,
abstinence should be recommended for them.
The resumption of intercourse postpartum should be dictated
by a woman’s level of comfort.
You should know that as the pregnancy progresses, there is a decrease in the achievement of orgasm and sexual satisfaction and an increase
in painful intercourse.
WHAT ALL TO AVOID DURING PREGNANCY?
The following are the thing you should avoid to do:
- Sea Food high in Mercury
meat, poultry, and egg
or standing for too long
fruits and Vegetables
at high altitudes
So we understand how to take care of a pregnant woman
everyday now look (FAQ):
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ON PREGNANT CARE:+
Q1. Can I be
pregnant even after getting your Periods?
The answer to this question is simply no. You can never get
pregnant if you are getting your periods.
But if your vagina is bleeding doesn’t necessarily mean it’s
your period. You could be bleeding for some other reason. A lot of women
experience vaginal bleeding while they are pregnant.
2. So you
should confirm properly if you have missed periods and you are pregnant.
Q2. What are the early signs of Pregnancy?
The signs may differ in women. Some common signs include:
- Missed Period
- Tender, swollen breasts
- Nausea with or without vomiting
- Increased urination